Several bacterial pathogens have been identified to cause diseases among the Pisces includingÂ Pseudomonas fluorescens, Aeromonas hydrophila (MAS),Â andÂ Aeromonas salmonicida.Â TheÂ P. fluorescensÂ is the primary cause of pseudomonas septicemia in pond fish. It is a secondary invader with similar attributes to A. septicemia (Rowan 742). The infection is huge although it has a good prognosis considering its low severity. The bacterium is a ubiquitous organism of water but can also be found in the soil, and in foods that are vulnerable to spoilage. Its biochemical characteristics include a positive catalase test and cytox test with strict aerobic characteristics. The organism has a worldwide distribution in both fresh water and salty waters infecting nearly all fish although it elicits severe infections in aquarium fish. Its transmission from mud, carrier fish or other aquatic organisms such as frogs is primarily vertical with the temperature being the main environmental factor supporting transmission (Rowan 742). The pathophysiology ofÂ P. fluorescensÂ especially in catfish entails hemorrhagic symptomatology with necrosing internal organs. In some cases, external lesions are evident and lead to loss of pigmentation. Diagnosis is through kidney isolation on BHI with the test results confirmed serologically. Disease control is via the use of drug therapy and removal of the stressor since there is no available vaccine yet.
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