A 13-sink channel was used for the chemical flooding. In these oil sinks, the crest of 33-ft- chunky disburse fragment is at 950 ft. Disburse area has five geographical stratums. Inner cores were taken for each oil sink, and central stoppers were utilized for permeability and porosity magnitude. Stochastic permeability regions were produced for each stratum by the use of intermediate decomposition techniques, which were subjected with the nucleus permeability figures. The pay regions are cut off from each other by non-communicating shale stratums. A pragmatic affiliation was used to compute perpendicular permeability such as a function of parallel permeability. â€œCrude-oil and water ability to flow was found to be at 71.6Â°F reservoir temperatures are 17.2 and 0.9 cp, respectivelyâ€ (Qazi et al. 598).
Surfactant or polymer flooding involves infusion of a slug that encloses stream, surfactant, salt, alcohol as well as hydrocarbons. The size of the slug frequently ranges from 5% to 15% PV for excessive surfactant intensity technique and 15-50% PV for low intensities. This is then followed by polymer- coagulated water. Intensity of the polymer regularly ranges from 500 to 2000 mg/l, while the degree of polymer emulsion introduced may be 50% more or less depending on the method design. The mechanism involved in this recovery process engrosses the reduction of the interface tension between oil and water, emulsification of oil and water, the blending of oil and finally the mobility enhancement. As it is the case in Karamay oil fields, sandstone offers an optimum environment for such EOR mechanisms because of carbonate reservoirs which are usually heterogeneous and hence contains solutions with high ion content. This increases the degree of adsorption which is commonly used in surfactants. Permeability should also be higher than 20 md so as to ensure sufficient insertion. The reservoir temperature should also be regulated to 1750F in order to reduce degradation of the surfactants.
ASP EOR was not found suitable for the region due to the fact that the region experiences arid climatic conditions and hence no adequate water to feed the flooding project. AP flooding method was preferred due to its convenience and efficiency as compared to the rest. The total amount of capital invested was found to be relatively low while its oil recovery efficiency was found to be higher.
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